Vitrified tile is a type of ceramic tile that has very low porosity. It is often used as an alternative to marble and granite flooring. It is most famous for its water-resistant property and hence finds application outdoors so that it is resistant to water and frost.
It is basically of four types that are as follows:
- Soluble salt that is screen printed and polished
- The double charge is that they which is given a double layer of pigment while printing. This gives the tile a surface that can handle long wears. Hence, they find application in heavy traffic or commercial areas.
- Full body tiles have pigment in the entire thickness of the tile which makes scratches less noticeable.
- Glazed tiles are those that have a glazed surface. They are used for artwork and designs of various types.
Difference Between Ceramic Tiles & Vitrified Tiles
When people generally make choices for tiles, most consider the three most popular types namely, ceramic, plastic and stone. If one goes for a ceramic tile, the options are the original ceramic, the porcelain and the less commonly known vitrified or glass tiles. Even though the vitrified tile is a type of ceramic tile, there are a few differences between the two.
Ceramic tiles are made from natural clay that is mixed with water and molded. Vitrified tiles are very similar to ceramic tiles but are made with slightly different elements. The clay is mixed with quartz and feldspar before it is heated in the kiln. This creates a glass element inside and hence makes it more resistant to water.
Further, ceramic tiles have an absorption rate of 3-7% while the same for vitrified tile is around 0.5%. thus, vitrified tile is more suitable for outdoor applications.
They tend to cost between $8 and $20 dollars per square foot. Vitrified tiles cost a couple of dollars more per square foot because of their extra qualities.
Advantages of Vitrified Tiles
- Since vitrified tiles are made by the process of vitrification by combining clay with feldspar and quartz, they are very strong and homogeneous.
- It is very hard and resistant.
- Vitrified tiles are scratch and stain resistant.
- Can be used for both indoor and outdoor applications
- Highly suitable for high traffic areas and commercial use
- They have a consistent design, pattern, and texture
- They are easy to lay and maintain
Disadvantages of Vitrified Tiles
- They are more expensive than ceramic and porcelain tiles.
- The tiles should be treated with care other the edges might crack and chipped.